An Affidavit, unlike a contract or agreement, is a legal evidence that is presented before an authority or court for a particular case. The authority before which an affidavit is presented has the jurisdiction to witness an oath. The statement given in the affidavit represents that you swear that the information given in document is true and not fraudulent. It is an oath that you take on a paper rather than going to court and telling them that whatever I say is nothing but true. It also says that punishment will be given in case of giving false information.
Generally an affidavit is presented either in printed form or may be typed clearly on only one side of the paper. It is a formal statement consisting of facts and is never submitted on the basis of rumors, gossips or personal opinions. It does not include the opinions of person who is making it. The person who makes the affidavit is bound to sign, put date, address and name on the affidavit in the presence of concerned authorized person to make it fully legal. It is then signed by the deponents with specific date. In some instances, the personal opinions are welcomed such as a psychologist can give his/ her opinion. A person can also write his/ her own affidavit but is a difficult task to do.
An Affidavit is needed in carrying out different works such as students need it to verify their residency in the particular country, can be used as a supportive document to apply for a job, voter registration card is also an affidavit which is needed to avail the right of voting, an affidavit of support is needed to be signed by the sponsor to ensure that the emigrant will not be burden on the economy of the country, financial affidavits for divorce cases and custody matters, affidavit of hire ship, marriage, domicile etc. Once signed and testified, the affiance become bound to legal proceedings if found guilty of providing incorrect information.
So, In essence, an affidavit is used by the person who cannot visit the court personally. It assures the accuracy of the claims made by the person. It bounds the person to truthfulness otherwise be punished for betraying under court of law.
Here is our collection of 48 Sample Affidavit Forms & Templates (Affidavit of Support Form),